THE 2010 SHORT LIST
* 4G networks
Fourth Generation wireless networks will bring broadband to the developing world and make it ubiquitous in the rich world, by enabling people to have broadband internet access on mobile devices.
* Electric cars
Electric cars have the potential to change the automobile industry and make an enormous contribution to efforts to reduce pollution.
Efforts to engineer desired changes to the earth’s climate will help to counterbalance or reverse the potentially catastrophic negative effects of climate change.
* Graphene electronics
The properties of graphene open up possibilities for superfast electronics.
* Personal genomics
Analysis of a person’s genes has the potential to drive personalised medicine, showing people what diseases they may be prone to and even preventing these before they cause problems.
* Private space-launch services
Opening up space to the private sector will help enable ambitious space missions like a manned mission to Mars and make the dream of commercial space travel available to more people.
* Randomised trials of aid and development schemes
Rigorous experimental testing of interventions could promote development and make aid delivery far more efficient.